A Self realized soul has no likes & dislikes, accepts everything as they come, contented from within, with no desire to go, attain or achieve. Such an individual has an equanimous view, without any attraction or repulsion towards anyone or any situation.
A realized individual is not drawn to anything outside of oneself, has no expectations, realizes that everything is temporary (anityam). It doesn’t mean one depressed but is satisfied, contented, equanimous & Happiness, like a lamp shining brightly inside a pot and no one can see from outside, is referred as Jivan mukti. To the realized one, the world does not appear, meaning, one sees himself in all and all in oneself.
As specified earlier, the realized soul is not affected by any situation just like the space, specified often in upanishads, that cannot be tainted, axed, burnt, wet or dried.
It’s the realization that the substratum alone is real and all forms & names are but appearances without a definite existence of their own. When the butter is extracted, it stands aloof, does not merge back into the buttermilk, so also the realized person is separate, neither attached nor affected by anything, lives as a witness until the prarabdha karma ends.
Prarabhda karma is the cause of the current body to experience the pleasures & pain. The body is a location, boga sthanam.
Upon Self realization, the karmas are erased and the jivan dissolves into that One Supreme Presence, similar to the rivers merging into the ocean, little flame merges into the fire, the space inside the pot merging with the universal space, losing their name & form.
Sanjita, the accumulated consequences of past karmas and Agami, the seeds for the next birth, both get erased in the fire of Self Knowledge thus there’s no rebirth for the realized jivan.
As that One Supreme cannot be pointed out, the next three verses are descriptive languages with adjectives. These are also called ‘Tatastha Lakshanam’, meaning ‘with reference to’!
Self Knowledge is the most profound knowledge beyond which there’s nothing else to gain, it’s the absolute bliss, beyond which there’s no other happiness, absolute profit, beyond which none to achieve.
That which is Advaita (non dual), Nishkria(inactive), Nirvikaram(without any changes), that’s Brahman, absolute Bliss, One without a second!
This is very similar to the previous verse. The Supreme presence is that One, upon realizing which, there’s nothing else to see (not available to physical senses), or gain any Knowledge resulting in no rebirth for the individual, jivan.
The benefit of realizing that One Supreme Brahman is the elimination of fear. Fearless existence is the liberation from all shackles of life, it’s the contentment. Upon realizing that it’s only a rope and not a coiled snake, the fear goes away and thereby, words and actions related to that fear also goes away, so also this Self knowledge eliminates all fears in the universe.
That Supreme is the personification of Happiness, parama sukam, incomparable Bliss.
That Supreme, all pervading presence is emphasized here to be here, there, North, South,East, West, up and down. It’s complete, full, Its Sat-Chit-Ananda, Existence-Consciousness-Bliss.
That Supreme presence is compared to space in this verse as both are limitless, without any modifications, ever present, only one of a kind but the distinct difference is that Supreme presence is Knowledge,Chit but not the space! Space does not know it exists, it does not have that knowledge.
How can we know that Supreme presence? Adi Sankara in this verse says only by means of Vedantic scriptures. The scriptures point out, indicate, neti, neti, meaning the process of negation, referred as ‘Atat ya vritti lakshanam’ in Sanskrit.
By negating the form, name and any modification, the physical body, Annamayya kosa is negated. Then by saying it’s inactive negates the breath layer or Pranamaya kosa is negated, followed by the negation of the mind, the flow of thoughts the Manonmaya kosa, therefore the subtle body is negated leading to the negation of the causal body, meaning without any impressions.
That One presence without a second is limitless, One Absolute Bliss!
That One Supreme presence which is absolute and all pervading One alone IS and is in all beings, all that appears to exist. The joy, pleasures that all these beings from the Deities to the minute species, all combined is but a glimpse of that One Supreme Bliss.
That One presence, called Atman, is in all appearances. We love another person or being symbolizes the recognition of that presence in that embodiment. Without that presence everything is inert.
All names and forms dissolve in that One. One appears as many! This is the gist of verse 59
Here again that Supreme presence, Atman is described as it’s all pervading and cannot be specifically described as it’s neither short, nor long, neither fat nor thin, birthless and deathless, therefore everything in between, without personalities, name or form.
Everything is understood, learnt, grasped only because of that One presence, though IT cannot be seen, heard, touched, felt, smelt or tasted…
As in verse 12, this body, this world is made of five elements which have no capacity to know that they exist, but which are all experienced only by that One. That One is the Subject and the subject can never be the object. Even to know, understand, realize IT, one needs ITs grace…
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